Effects of the androgen preparation "Testoenatum" on reproductive function in males of Atlantic salmon and several species of whitefish
Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, and several species of whitefish, Coregonus nasus, C. peled, C. Lavaretus baeri, males were treated with a long-acting medical androgen preparation - "Testoenatum". This preparation contains 24 mg of testosterone enanthate and 111 mg of testosterone propionate in 1 ml peach oil solution. Multiple (2–5) or single intraperitoneal injections of a standard dose (0.1 ml/kg fish body weight) were used. Treatment performed shortly before the beginning or within the breeding season resulted in a significant stimulation of spermiation, improvement of sperm parameters and extention of the gonad functional maturity period for 1–4 months. Low water temperatures (0.5–l.0 °C) seem to be essential to obtain a long-lasting effect after one injection. The histology of the pituitary gland suggests that the gonadotropic cells were activated through a positive feedback mechanism. Testoenatum suppressed Sertoli cells' phagocytary activity.