Aquaculture system diversity and sustainable development: fish farms and their representation
Initiatives for the sustainable development of aquaculture have so far focused on the production of codes of conduct, of best management practices, of standards etc., most of which have been developed by international organisations, the industrial sector and non governmental organisations. They were, to a large extent, produced using a “top down” process and inspired by models from intensive industrial shrimp and sea fish farming (mainly salmon). However, most of global aquaculture production comes from small- and medium-sized farms, essentially in Asia which contributes 92% of the total world aquaculture production volume. The objective of this article is to define the contours of systemic typologies that are able to express the sustainability conditions of aquaculture systems. The proposed approach builds on surveys of aquaculture systems which differ in terms of their biogeographical nature (temperate/tropical and north/south countries) or their farming techniques and their governance systems. This work is a prerequisite to any attempt at an individualised and comparative evaluation of specific aquaculture systems from either global or territorial viewpoints. In order to go beyond the cleavage of a typology based on the differentiation between developed and developing countries, three typologies were produced. These typologies allow for discriminatory variables to be identified such as for example the marketing methods or the pace of innovation: a structural typology, a functional typology and a systemic typology. Finally, the representations of aquaculture activity and of its sustainability that producers have of the 4 different types that emerge from the systemic typology were recorded and analyzed.
Auteurs du document :
Jérôme Lazard, Aurèle Baruthio, Syndhia Mathé, Hélène Rey-Valette, Eduardo Chia, Olivier Clément, Joël Aubin, Pierre Morissens, Olivier Mikolasek, Marc Legendre, Patrice Levang, Jean-Paul Blancheton, François René
Obtenir le document :
EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD
Mots clés :
Sustainable development, Sustainable aquaculture, Typology, Social representations