Methods and criteria for successful mangrove forest restoration
Successful mangrove forest restoration requires careful analyses of a number of factors in advance of attempting actual restoration. First for a given area of mangroves or former mangroves, the existing watershed needs to be defined, and any changes to the coastal plain hydrology that may have impacted the mangroves documented. Second, careful site selection must take place factoring into account the history of the site. Third, clearly stated goals and achievable and measurable success criteria need to be defined and incorporated into a proposed monitoring program. Fourth, the restoration methodology must reflect an acknowledgement of the history of routine failure in attempts at mangrove restoration and proposed use of proven successful techniques. Finally, after the initial restoration activities are complete, the proposed monitoring program must be initiated and used to determine if the project is achieving interim measurable success to indicate whether any mid-course corrections are needed.