Aquatic beetles (Coleoptera) in springs of a small lowland river: habitat factors
We identified the beetle fauna of springs of a small lowland river and attempted to determine the direction and magnitude of beetle migration between the springs and neighboring water bodies in the river valley, as well as the local environmental factors and landscape parameters that most influence the character of aquatic beetle assemblages in the springs. We studied springs of three limnological types, along the entire length of the river valley, and identified 42 beetle species. All types of springs were dominated by stagnobiontic species, which enter springs from other aquatic environments, mainly via dispersion by air. We also found a small proportion of crenophiles and a substantial proportion of rheophiles and tyrphophiles, which was linked to the close proximity of the river and dystrophic water bodies. The fauna of the springs was affected to a similar degree by local environmental factors and by landscape factors acting on a broader scale. This indicates the need for broader consideration of landscape factors, which are often neglected in ecological studies.
Auteurs du document :
J. Pakulnicka, P. Buczyński, P. Dąbkowski, E. Buczyńska, E. Stępień, R. Stryjecki, A. Szlauer-Łukaszewska, A. Zawal
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Mots clés :
aquatic beetles, river valley, migration, synecological elements, landscape, environmental factors, coléoptères aquatiques, rivière, migration, éléments synécologiques, paysage, facteurs environnementaux