With the aim to evaluate the effect of different intervals of degrees-days on egg production of tench (Tinca tinca L.), 480 breeders were kept in 15 x 10 x 1 m bare concrete tanks from February until July and fed on commercial feed. Males and females were held together under natural photoperiod and temperature conditions. Ovulation was hormonally inducted (LH-RHa) in three groups at different degrees-days (group I: 1090, group II: 1175 and group III: 1536). In the groups I and II, a mean of 88% of females was injected, obtaining a 98% of positive response, without significant differences in the egg production between both groups (10.7% body weight, b.w.). With 1536 degrees-days, percentages of injected and stripped females were significantly lower. First stripping yielded a total of 9332 g of eggs (8.3% b.w.). A second hormonal induction was evaluated in each group at 1900, 2047 and 2111 degrees-days respectively. A mean of 85% of the initial females of the three groups received a second hormonal treatment, obtaining a 92% of positive response, without significant differences in egg production among the groups. The second stripping yielded an egg production (598 g, 5.9% b.w.) significantly lower than the first one. Relating to males, semen was obtained without hormonal induction throughout 50 days and the positive response was around 90%. With the exception of eggs obtained in the first induction of group III (1536 degrees-days), where overripening process was detected, further mean fertilization (over 80%) and hatching rates (around 35%) support the good quality of eggs and sperm. This study showed that the advantages of the broodstock’s maintenance in small concrete tanks are not only easiness of handling and possibilities of yield prediction, but also a good egg production at higher densities than in big earthen ponds.
Auteurs du document :
R. Rodríguez, J. D. Celada, M. Sáez-Royuela, J. M. Carral, A. Aguilera, J. R. Pérez, P. M. Melendre
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Mots clés :
tench, broodstock management, artificial reproduction, tanche, gestion du stockage des géniteurs, reproduction artificielle