A SURVEY OF THE WHITE-CLAWED CRAYFISH,AUSTROPOTAMOBIUS PALLIPES (LEREBOULLET), AND OF WATERQUALITY IN TWO CATCHMENTS OF EASTERN IRELAND.
The white-clawed crayfish, Austropotamobius pallipes (Lereboullet), is the only crayfish species found in Ireland. Because of the prohibition on importation of exotic species of crayfish onto the island and of its relatively clean rivers up to now, Ireland has kept an abundant population of crayfish. A survey was conducted in the catchments of the Liffey and Boyne rivers, in eastern Ireland to assess water quality and to sample crayfish populations. The aim of the study was to evaluate the water quality requirements of the white-clawed crayfish in Ireland. Baited traps and nets were used to sample crayfish while water quality was measured with biological indices calculated from samples of macroinvertebrates. Distribution of this crayfish species is patchy in the Liffey catchment and seems to be related to factors such as soil types and water quality. They were not found in the downstream part of the river Liffey possibly due to poor water quality. In the Boyne catchment, no crayfish were found in most of the catchment. They were only present in the Kells Blackwater subcatchment. This may be due to an earlier outbreak of the fungal plague caused by Aphanomyces astaci. The disease was discovered in lakes at the top of some of the tributaries of the Boyne in 1987 and it probably spread from there through the whole catchment.
Auteurs du document :
A. DEMERS, J. D. REYNOLDS
Obtenir le document :
Mots clés :
white-clawed crayfish, Austropotamobius pallipes, water quality, biological indices, crayfish plague, écrevisses à pattes blanches, Austropotamobius pallipes, qualité de l’eau, indices biologiques, peste de l’écrevisse