DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT REQUIREMENTS OF THE WHITE-CLAWED CRAYFISH, AUSTROPOTAMOBIUS PALLIPES, IN A STREAM FROM THE PAYS DE LOIRE REGION, FRANCE: AN EXPERIMENTAL AND DESCRIPTIVE STUDY
A population of white-clawed crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes) was studied from January to October 2000 in a stream from the Pays de Loire region (Western France). An experimental modification of habitat was performed in four stream sections by providing refuges for crayfish, followed by a regular survey of population dynamics in these areas. The crayfish distribution along the brook was studied in relation to several parameters, including water quality, current speed, brook depth and presence of refuges for crayfish. Presence of hiding places was the only habitat parameter correlated with crayfish distribution along the stream whereas colonization process in modified sections was determined by sun exposure and current speed conditions. Despite a presumably high growth rate and its ability to reach locally important densities, the population appeared to be fragmented.
Auteurs du document :
T. BROQUET, M. THIBAULT, A. NEVEU
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Mots clés :
Austropotamobius pallipes, experimentation, habitat requirements, water quality, growth rate, population structure, Austropotamobius pallipes, expérimentation, paramètres de l’habitat, qualité de l’eau, taux de croissance, structure de population