SEASONAL CHANGES OF THE CONDITION INDICES AND HAEMOCYTE COUNTS OF THE AUSTROPOTAMOBIUS TORRENTIUM POPULATION IN KRALJEVEC STREAM, CROATIA
The stone crayfish, Austropotamobius torrentium (Schrank, 1803) is one of the four native European crayfish living in Croatian freshwaters. Kraljevec Stream is situated on the southern slopes of Medvednica Mountain (north-west Croatia) at 400 m above sea level. Our research was carried out for one year, from May 2003 to April 2004. During the study period water temperature varied between 2 to 17.2°C, alkalinity between 100 and 200 mg CaCO3/L, the mean oxygen concentration and pH was 12.1 mg/L and 8.3, respectively. Crayfish were trapped by baited hand made traps, which were secured in a stream current with the stones and roots of the surrounding trees. We caught 100 crayfishes, 68 males and 32 females. Hemolymph was sampled 10 to 15 min after the catch. EDTA anticoagulant was used to prevent hemolymph coagulation and 10% formalin was used to fix haemocyte for differential counts. Each month five or six specimens of each sex, if possible, were sacrificed and hepatosomatic, gonadosomatic and muscle indices were measured. We found statistically significant differences in hepatosomatic and gonadosomatic indices between months and between sexes. Muscle indices were significantly different between males and females. The average total haemocyte counts were 7.6 × 105 cells/ ml and 6.5 × 105 cells/ml hemolymph for males and females, respectively. The average hyalinocyte, granulocyte and semigranulocyte ratio was 77: 14.5: 8.5%. There were no statistically significant differences in total haemocyte counts between months and between sexes.
Auteurs du document :
A. LUCIĆ, R. ERBEN
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Mots clés :
Austropotamobius torrentium, condition indices, haemocyte counts, Croatia, Austropotamobius torrentium, indices de condition, dénombrement d’hémocytes, Croatie