This paper presents some features of turbot sperm and compares them with data reported in the literature on other freshwater and marine fish. In captivity, turbot spermiation period lasts 6 months. When compared to other fish species, turbot males are characterized by low values of maximum gonadosomatic index (0.6-0.8%) and are poor sperm producers in terms of volume (0.2-2.2 ml), concentration (0.7-11.0 × 109 spermatozoa/ml) and total sperm number released per stripping (0.2-12.0 × 109 spematozoa). Compared to most freshwater species, the duration of cell movement is long (1-17 min). The spermatozoon of turbot can be considered to be of a primitive type. A very high protein content (8.8 mg/ml) is found in the seminal fluid of turbot. Increasing collection frequency of turbot males, from monthly to fortnightly and weekly stripping, results in the release of successive samples presenting decreasing semen volume and spermatozoa concentration. Similar spermatozoa concentration and total volume of semen produced per turbot, during a 2 month experimental period, are released from males submitted to an annual light and temperature cycle, compared to those receiving a 6 month contracted light and temperature schedule.
Auteurs du document :
Marc Suquet, Roland Billard, Jacky Cosson, Germaine Dorange, Laurent Chauvaud, Chantal Mugnier, Christian Fauvel
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Mots clés :
turbot, sperm biology, seminal fluid, sperm motility, sperm morphology, marine fish, turbot, biologie du sperme, liquide séminal, mobilité du spermatozoïde, morphologie du spermatozoïde, poisson marin